15 Nov Studying and Learning.Part2
“Knowledge is power,” or as the Qur’an says,
“…whoever is granted the Wisdom has indeed been granted much good” (Baqara 2:269).
In this verse, the word al-hikma—often translated as “the Wisdom”—means “beneficial knowledge.”
Knowledge that is beneficial to people will also elevate the status of the person who knows. The Qur’an also says that those who know God cannot be on the same level with those who do not:
“Is he who worships God devoutly in the watches of the night prostrating and standing, who fears the Hereafter and hopes for themercy of his Lord (to be likened to that other)? Say: ‘Are they ever equal, those who know and those who do not know?’ Only the people ofdiscernment will reflect on (the distinction between knowledge and ignorance, and obedience to God and disobedience,) and be mindful” (Zumar 39:9).
This last verse makes it clear that knowledge must be used together with the ability to reason, drawing particular attention to the fact that any knowledge based on knowledge of God is true knowledge and beneficial to those who possess it. In fact, knowledge has a potentially destructive power in the hands of those who do not use their reason, merely acting in sheer ignorance of God. Beyond this basic adab of knowledge, let us now examine the further sayings of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, on this topic.
At every opportunity, the Prophet drew attention to the importance of knowledge. One day he said to Abu Dharr,
“O Abu Dharr, if you leave your home in the morning to go out to learn a verse of the Qur’an, this holds more blessings for you than per- forming a hundred rakats of supererogatory prayer. And if you leave your home in the morning to go out to acquire knowledge, this holds more benefit for you than performing a thousand rakats of supererogatory prayer.”
In another hadith God’s Messenger
“When God wills blessings for someone, He makes them knowledgeable in religion.”
Moreover, keeping knowledge from people, unless one is forced to by circumstances, is not a desirable act. This was made clear by the Prophet, who said,
“If someone is asked to share their knowledge but they hide it and do not speak, they will be bridled with a bridle of fire (on the Judgment Day).”
The Prophet also made it known that spiritual knowledge, which puts a person on the right path and leads to righteousness, is more valuable than the greatest worldly treasures:
“By God, it is better for you that God should give guidance to a single person on the right path through you than that you should acquire a whole herd of red camels.”
At this time, red camels were very precious, and a person who owned such a camel was rich; extremely few people owned an entire herd of red camels. This comparison, therefore, clearly shows the value of knowledge that leads to good, and of leading others to good.
Yazid ibn Balama once asked,
“O Messenger of God! I have memorized many of your sayings. But I am afraid that those I memorize later will make me forget those I memorized earlier. Tell me a word that will help me retain all the things I have learned without forgetting the others!” The Prophet replied, “Stay upright before God in what you have learned (and that is enough for you)!”